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Simla Agreement 1972 Upsc

The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and governance treaty between India and Pakistan. The treaty was signed on 21 February 1999 at a historic summit in Lahore and ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries. The declaration was signed by Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif. The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification. [4] Shimla Agreement: 2. July 1972 1972 Agreement: what is it? The shimla agreement was signed on July 2, 1972 by indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan.

In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement includes a number of principles on which both India and Pakistan have agreed and which emphasize respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, respect for each other`s political independence and unity, as well as the dissemination of hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are as follows:- Mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all problems through direct bilateral approaches.- Building the basis for a cooperative relationship based on people-to-people contacts.- Maintaining the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.Shimla Agreement: Main Features 1. India and Pakistan have decided to put an end to the conflict and confrontation that had weighed on their relations in the past and to work for a friendly and harmonious relationship in order to establish a lasting peace in the subcontinent. . . .

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