Taif Accord attempted to exercise the sovereignty of the Lebanese State over its internationally recognized territory and therefore had the provisions for the withdrawal of troops. At the time of signing the agreement, Syria had about 40,000 troops in Lebanon, who controlled about 65 percent of the country. Israel had a force of 1,500 to 3,000 in southern Lebanon in the so-called « security » zone. Israel had also relocated some 200,000 of its 2.7 million inhabitants to the controlled area. [fn] Sandra M. Saseen, « The Taif Accord and Lebanon`s Struggle to Regain Its Sovereignty, » American University Journal of International Law and Policy 6, No. 1 (1990): 57, footnotes 2, 3. [/efn_note] Syria had accepted the principle of a possible withdrawal of troops from all Lebanese territory, but this withdrawal did not take place in 1989. Similarly, Israel has continued its occupation. The way forward for Bahrain`s democracy can be defined as the relationship or balance between state power and individual freedom. If so, a system of democratic governance can take many forms. Bahrain has an excellent Constitution that supports its phase of development, gives it a constitutional monarchy and a nascent parliamentary system, and has developed in the last three parliaments political conventions with fundamental, economic and social rights for its citizens.
Great progress has been made over the past ten years with regard to the Royal Reform Project and the Economic Vision 2030. I believe that the way forward lies in the policy of complacency. Each group will strive to promote the emancipation of its supporters. Leaders who are strong in their positions can make agreements and agreements, taking into account the interests of the nation first. Peaceful negotiations are the only way forward. The study of historical repositories can support the process. Through existing institutions and national dialogue, Bahrain can find widely supported or unanimous solutions. On 15 May 1991, Lebanon and Syria agreed on a treaty on coordination of foreign and defence policy. The agreement strengthened Syria`s presence in Lebanon and created a situation of military maneuvers on Israel`s side. Israel had maintained its military presence and financed a militia group, the Army of Southern Lebanon, to carry out joint military activities.1 The withdrawal of troops did not take place.
The agreement provided for the withdrawal of all Syrian troops from the Bekaa Valley for up to two years, but did not provide a timetable for their full withdrawal from the country. This rift allowed the Syrian-Arab army to occupy the Beqaa for the next 15 years and dominate political life for the same period, until it withdrew completely in March 2005, after the Cedar Revolution and UN Resolution 1559. In this context, the many shortcomings of the Lebanese system have become increasingly evident. But what is striking in the current context of regional policy is that, because all experiments have failed elsewhere to create strong centralized states, some analysts and policymakers are willing to look at the Lebanese system or experience in a new way. Their interest is to determine what can be taken from Lebanon or influenced by Lebanon and applied to mixed Arab countries in deep crisis and what should be avoided at all costs. . . .